How to Optimize Smoke Detection and Minimize Disruption in Large, Busy Buildings - Part 1
Large facilities with multiple rooms present various challenges to traditional fire detection, particularly when it comes to installation and maintenance.
Managing detection devices can be even trickier in buildings with restricted or inaccessible areas, such as hospitals or correctional facilities. How can you provide effective smoke detection in these busy settings without causing unnecessary disruption?
Having an effective smoke detection system that is designed to address these challenges is vital to the safety of the people and the smooth running of the facility. This guide will inspect common obstacles multi-room buildings present to smoke detection and explain how to overcome them with addressable aspirating smoke detection technology.
CHALLENGES TO EFFECTIVE SMOKE DETECTION
Large buildings often contain multiple rooms on different floors, which may be occupied at different times and serve various purposes. Finding a smoke detection solution that meets these requirements in terms of accuracy, addressability, and aesthetics, can be difficult. In facilities with restricted areas, inspecting and maintaining the detectors can be even more challenging.
An ideal smoke detection strategy not only protects lives and business but also is simple to test and maintain throughout its service life, minimizing disruption to normal operations that can be costly and time-consuming. While it has been common practice to carefully manage individual areas from a health and safety perspective during regular service and maintenance activities, now there is an alternative that not only delivers detection performance but also allows for faster-centralized smoke testing.
MANAGING SMOKE DETECTION IN RESTRICTED AREAS
In some facilities, room access may be restricted for a variety of reasons, with different entry requirements and arrangements. In hospitals, for example, restrictions may be in place to protect patients with compromised immune systems or rooms with sensitive specialist equipment. In
correctional facilities, access to certain areas is often restricted for security reasons. The installation, testing and maintenance of smoke detectors may involve moving prisoners, resulting in additional security considerations or even the lockdown of entire areas.
Increasing cybersecurity concerns may place sensitive business areas out of bounds for regular third-party maintenance staff. Fire installers will often need to obtain special access to enter a restricted area, and the facility staff may be required to attend and oversee the work. Clearly, this practice is inefficient both for the installer and the facility manager, leading to unnecessary downtime and disruption. As buildings need to comply with fire safety regulations, including annual testing of detectors, the work needs to be carried out on schedule.
PREPARING FOR UNPRECEDENTED EVENTS
Accessibility can be further restricted by unprecedented events, such as epidemics, biohazard threats, and environmental factors, which can make attending detectors possible. This highlights the need for a centralized smoke detection strategy that can be managed with minimal time on-site to reduce the risk to installers as well as residents, staff and other people within the facility.
ELIMINATING DISRUPTION WITH ADDRESSABLE ASPIRATINGSMOKE DETECTION
Effective fire detection in large, busy buildings calls for a solution that combines ease of installation, maintenance and testing with optimal accuracy. Traditional optical spot smoke detectors, though able to deliver an addressable response, still require direct physical access for the mandatory smoke test.
The trend towards remote connectivity and reduced contact is likely to further limit the time installers can spend on site. The ability to carry out most of the critical tasks from a centralized location will offer a range of benefits that can help businesses future-proof their operation and accommodate new and unforeseen challenges.
Point-addressable aspirating smoke detection such as VESDA-E VEA uses innovative early-warning technology to overcome these limitations. It draws air in through patented air sampling points and a network of multi-channel microbore tubes to a central detector for analysis using sophisticated laser-based technology. The system can pinpoint fire risks to a specific sampling point, instead of a larger zone, to enable a targeted response. With full-system-integrity monitoring, smoke testing can be conducted at the central detector. This removes the need to unnecessarily enter the protected area, making it ideal for restricted or difficult access areas. Another benefit of using VESDA-E VEA is the small footprint of its sampling points. This enables installation across a range of locations where a smaller ceiling footprint is valued.
LET’S NOW TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT EACH OF THESE BENEFITS AND HOW THEY CAN HELP IMPROVE DETECTION ACCURACY AND REDUCE DISRUPTION TO NORMAL OPERATION.
1. Simplified Installation
Easy installation will help reduce the time installers will have to spend in the facility or restricted areas. The VESDA-E VEA detectors feature flexible microbore tubes with push-fit connections and passive sampling points. This means they don’t need to comply with electrical codes and can be installed wherever it’s convenient. Unique tube serial numbers and tube length markings enable-engineered installation, speeding up the process.
2. Centralized Test and Maintenance
Centralizing test and maintenance will deliver better control over the facility eliminating the need to access individual sampling locations for annual testing. It enables service engineers to test multiple sampling points and perform maintenance from one, central location. Depending on the facility, the time spent carrying out smoke tests can be reduced by up to 90 per cent compared to traditional spot smoke detectors, and the need to attend restricted areas minimized. Quicker and simpler testing and maintenance can deliver more than 50% Total Cost of Ownership savings.
3. Reduced Time on Site
The more time fire systems and service engineers spend on-site, the more they disrupt daily operations. The centralized testing and maintenance capacity helps reduce time-on-site, allowing the essential tasks to be carried out as quickly as possible with most of the activity controlled remotely. Thanks to connectivity options such as WAN and wireless, engineers can gain real-time and remote access to the detector via an app, enabling advance service preparation for optimal safety and uptime.
4. Improved Aesthetics
Traditional smoke detectors might be unsuitable for some locations, such as commercial buildings, due to their appearance. Xtralis’ VESDA-E VEA detectors offer a less obtrusive alternative: the sampling points are low-profile, have a small footprint, and are available in either black or white, making them a fit for a range of environments.
To learn more about Real-life examples, please proceed to the next article: How to Optimize Smoke Detection and Minimize Disruption in Large, Busy Buildings- Part 2.